Monday, September 11, 2017

History of Prambanan Temple Complete

History of Prambanan Temple Complete
History of Prambanan Temple, Brief About Prambanan

Anyone not know about Prambanan Temple? of course all know. Yes indeed almost all Indonesian people already know about Prambanan Temple or at least have heard and seen through television or other media.

Prambanan Temple is a Hindu temple located on the border between 2 provinces of Central Java and Yogyakarta Special Region. The location of Prambanan temple precisely located approximately 30 kilometers to the northeast of the city of Yogyakarta. The temple closest to Prambanan temple is Kalasan Temple, Pawon Temple, Plaosan Temple, Ratu Boko Temple, and many more, just a few kilometers from Prambanan.

Prambanan temple is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, and even believed in Southeast Asia with a height of 47 meters. The temple by UNESCO has been designated as a cultural heritage built in the 9th century, and dedicated to the three great gods of Hinduism namely God Brahma as the creator god, Lord Vishnu as the god of the rearing, and the God of Shiva as the destructive deity.


History of Prambanan Temple, Development Background

After about a century the land of Java was overrun by the Buddhist Syailendra dynasty, eventually their power gradually faded after several major defeats. And the history of Prambanan Temple began at that time. The Hindu Sanjaya dynasty slowly and surely began to regain control of Java.

And to compete with the Borobudur Temple which is the largest Buddhist temple in Java ever built by the Syailendra Dynasty, then the Sanjaya Dynasty built a Hindu Temple which is also no less magnificent.

The history of Prambanan Temple dates back to about 850 AD. Prambanan Temple was first built by Rakai Pikatan who was the ruler of the Syailendra dynasty at that time. After Rakai Pikatan, the history of the Prambanan Temple continues with the massive construction undertaken by King Lokapala and continued by Balitung Maha Sambu who is the master of the Mataram Kingdom of the Sanjaya Dynasty. Then the construction of the temple then still continued by King Daksa and Tulodong by building Perwara temples are small temples that number very much even reach hundreds.

History of Prambanan Temple, Shivagrha Inscription

History of Prambanan Temple - Inscription Shivagrha There is an inscription that has been found and berangka year 856 AD Shivagrha Inscription. And based on the Shivagrha Inscription, it is said that Prambanan Temple was built in honor of Lord Shiva which is the greatest Hindu god. And based on that inscription, it is mentioned that this temple was first named as Shiva-grha which means Shiva Home and also called Shiva-laya which means Shiva's Kingdom.

The history of Prambanan Temple also can not be separated from the inscription Shivagrha also mentioned about the ongoing of a large project that also took place simultaneously with the construction of Prambanan Temple. The big project that takes place on the exterior of this enclave is the Opak River project. Opak River is a large river that flows north of Prambanan Temple.

It was mentioned that the opaque river originally flowed from the north of the temple complex towards the east, then diverted its flow to the temple. Opak river cutting is done by cutting the flow of water in the north and diverted directly to the south just past the east of Prambanan Temple.


History of Prambanan Temple, Government Center

Based on the history of Prambanan Temple obtained from some historical evidence, Prambanan Temple is believed to be a temple used for worship and other religious events. Believed also around Prambanan temple there are also some complex of buildings which is a kind of shrine or residence of Brahmins or Buddhist monks.

And with the existence of some large complex in the area around the temple, it is also believed that this area is the location of the central government of the Hindu Mataram kingdom of the Sanjaya Dynasty. This is also reinforced by the discovery of the ruins of the temple complex Ratu Boko which is located just about 5 kilometers south of Prambanan Temple.

Ratu Boko temple is a ruined complex of enshrinement. And based on some historical evidence, it is believed that this temple complex Ratu Boko is a former ruins of the Royal Palace of Hindu Mataram Palace. And it is believed that here is the center of the Hindu Mataram royal government. This is also supported by the large number of large and small temples found around this area. If counted maybe the number could reach hundreds of pieces of both large temples and candi-canri in the form of ruins.

History of Prambanan Temple, The Collapse of Prambanan Temple

The history of Prambanan temple ended when the Mataram Kingdom Palace shifted and moved to East Java. Believed to be the cause of the removal of the central government location was caused by a large eruption of Mount Merapi which is located in the north of the temple. Another cause is the existence of various major rebellions that occurred within the Sanjaya Dynasty itself. And moved the center of government is done by Mpu Sindok in 930 AD which later founded the Isyana Dynasty.

After being abandoned, Prambanan Temple gradually began to decay and eventually suffered massive destruction due to a major earthquake that occurred in the 16th century. And finally Prambanan Temple is really only a small debris that amounted to hundreds. But even so the surrounding community is still very respectful of the existence of the ruins of the temple to the extent that came the famous legend Roro Jonggrang.

History of Prambanan Temple, Recovery and Restoration

After hundreds of years of abandonment and debris left, the history of Prambanan temple began to see the light after the British interested to restore the glory of this temple. Colin Mackenzie is a Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles man by chance found the ruins of Prambanan Temple and assigned to excavate. But it did not go smoothly, and the ruins still remain dormant.

Several restorations were carried out by the Dutch government in 1880, 1918, and finally a large restoration in 1930 and ended in 1953 which was inaugurated directly by Indonesia's first president Soekarno. Then in the history of Prambanan temple, in 2006 this temple again suffered heavy damage due to an earthquake that shook the region of Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. However once this temple immediately get a thorough improvement.


History of Prambanan Temple, Prambanan 

The beauty of Prambanan Temple will never end. Since it was first built up to the present time is still very often used for various religious ceremonies to various tourist events. Until now Hindus still use temple complex for religious ceremonies. Especially for example at the time of Hindhu religious festivals, not infrequently this place seems crowded with acanya religious ceremony held here.

While on the west side of the temple built a Ramayana Ballet stage that is routinely served for tourists who visit various tourist attractions in Yogyakarta and specifically visit Prambanan Temple. Ramayana Ballet is a spectacle of dance featuring a story of Hindu Ramayana. This dance scene is very interesting for tourists, especially foreign tourists. But of course there are special admission tickets sold to enjoy this ballet. Ticket is quite expensive for local tourists, but if you see this art scene, the price to be paid is quite comparable to the beautiful dance that staged.

That is Prambanan Temple from the background of development, the heyday, the time of its collapse, to the present time. Hopefully the historical reviews of Prambanan Temple is useful for you, thank you.