Monday, September 11, 2017

History of Sriwijaya Kingdom

History of Sriwijaya Kingdom


The history of the kingdom of Sriwijaya is a Buddhist kingdom that stood in the 7th century is evidenced by the inscription kedukan Bukit in Palembang (682). Sriwijaya became one of the powerful kingdoms on the island of Sumatra. The name Sriwijaya comes from Sanskrit in the form of "Sri" which means luminous and "Wijaya" means victory so it can be interpreted with glorious or glorious victory.

On the I-Tsing trip note, the Chinese pastor who had visited Sriwijaya in 671 for 6 months explained that the center of the Kingdom of Sriwijaya was in Muara Takus temple area (Riau Province now). The kingdom of Sriwijaya is led by Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanasa as the first king.
History of Sriwijaya Kingdom

The glory of Sriwijaya Kingdom
The kingdom of Sriwijaya triumphed in the 9th-10th century AD by mastering maritime trade routes in Southeast Asia. Sriwijaya has controlled almost the entire kingdom of Southeast Asia, including, Java, Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and the Philippines. Sriwijaya became the controller of local trading routes that customs customs to every passing ship. This is because Sriwijaya became the ruler of the Sunda Strait and Malacca. In addition, the Sriwijaya Kingdom also collects its wealth from port services and trading warehouses serving the Chinese and Indian markets.

The collapse of Sriwijaya Kingdom
The kingdom of Sriwijaya was ruined when King Rajendra Chola, the ruler of the Cholamandala Kingdom struck twice in the years 1007 and 1023 AD which captured the cities of Srivijaya. This battle is caused because the Kingdom of Sriwijaya and the Kingdom of Cholamandala compete in the field of trade and shipping. Thus, the purpose of the Cholamandala Kingdom attack was not to colonize but to undermine Sriwijaya's fleet. This caused the economic of Sriwijaya Kingdom to weaken because traders who usually trade in Sriwijaya Kingdom continue to decrease. Not only that, the military power of Srivijaya also weakened so much that many of his subordinate areas escape. Finally, the kingdom of Sriwijaya collapsed in the 13th century.

Kings of Srivijaya Kingdom

  • Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanasa
  • Sri Indravarman
  • Rudra Vikraman
  • Maharaja WisnuDharmmatunggadewa
  • Dharanindra Sanggramadhananjaya
  • Samaragrawira
  • Samaratungga
  • Balaputradewa
  • Sri UdayadityavarmanSe-li-hou-ta-hia-li-tan
  • Hie-tche (Hajj)
  • Sri CudamanivarmadevaSe-li-chu-la-wu-ni-fu-ma-tian-hwa
  • Sri MaravijayottunggaSe-li-ma-la-pi
  • Sumatrabhumi
  • Sangramavijayottungga
  • Rajendra Dewa KulottunggaTi-hua-ka-lo
  • Rajendra II
  • Rajendra III
  • Srimat Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana Warmadewa
  • Srimat Tribhuwanaraja Mauli Warmadewa
  • Srimat Sri Udayadityawarma Pratapaparakrama Rajendra Maulimali Warmadewa.

Heritage of Sriwijaya Kingdom

The kingdom of Sriwijaya leaves behind several inscriptions, including:

1. Kedukan Inscription Hill
This inscription was found in Palembang in 605 BC / 683 AD The contents of the inscription is an 8 day expansion of Dapunta Hyang with 20,000 troops who managed to conquer some areas so that Srivijaya become prosperous.

2. Talang Tuo inscription
The inscription, discovered in 606 BC / 684 AD, is found west of Palembang. The contents of Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanaga that make Taman Sriksetra for the prosperity of all beings.

3. Cretaceous City Inscription
This inscription reads 608 BC / 686 AD found in Bangka. Isiny regarding the petition to God for the salvation of the Sriwijaya Kingdom and its people.

4. Inscription of Coral Birahi
The inscriptions found in Jambi are identical to the Cretaceous city inscriptions on the plea of ​​salvation. The Birahi Reef Inscription was discovered in 608 BC / 686 AD

5. Talang Batu inscription
This inscription is found in Palembang, but there is no year number. Gutters Stone inscription contains about the curse against the perpetrators of crimes and offenders king orders.

6. Palas Inscription in Pasemah
This inscription is also not berangka year. Found in South Lampung which contains about the success of Sriwijaya occupied South Lampung.

7. Ligor inscription
Discovered in 679 BC / 775 AD on the Kra. Telling that Sriwijaya under the rule of Darmaseta.